Last updated: 2021-02-27 | 2846 Views |
Stevia is a plant with the scientific name Stevia Rebaudiana Bertoni, native to Brazil. And it was discovered by a South American scientist in 1887, was 113 years ago by the original Paraguay people used this sweetener. Mixed tea consume more than 150 years after it was discovered by scientists. Japan It has been used extensively since 1982 and for Thailand. The stevia variety was planted in the year 2518, where the area was found to be planted Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai, Lamphun, Phayao and Nan provinces because they are winter plants. And will grow well at an altitude of 600-700 meters above sea level.
Stevia belongs to the family Astcraceac as a long-term biennial plant. It looks like a basil or basil in our home. In stevia herb leaves It contains the same anti-oxidants as green tea leaves. But has the strength of natural sweetness Which, when equivalent to sugar Stevia leaves are 10-15 times sweeter than ever. And when going through the extraction process to get stevia extract Also known as "Stevioside and Rebaudioside", which is a type of glycosides (Glycosides = a group of organic compounds obtained from the extraction of angiosperms). There are many advantages that sugar, for example, does not cause tooth decay. Can withstand heat and acid Does not cause food to brown when over high heat, can be used for hot cooking on the stove. Not degraded by microorganisms, therefore, when using some types of food Will not cause spoilage And most importantly for those who control weight Or people with diabetes are Not absorbed in the digestive system Therefore does not give energy How much you eat is not fat enough.
Research Summary of Stevia
Stevia has been used for a long time since the past. Until more widespread When it becomes more popular A study on stevia negative was published in 1985 by American scientist John M. Pezzuto et al. The research was published in the journal Proc. Nati. Acad. Sci. Stevia is dangerous Because it causes very high mutagenic or mutation in mice. According to this research The US Food and Drug Administration or FDA has announced that this grass is not safe. Do not use it as a food additive. Causing an impact on a wide family throughout the world Including in Thailand
Such research Has led another scientist named Emily Procinska to study further. And made it known that John M. Pezzuto's research is flawed. The results of their own research published in the journal Mutagenesis indicated that stevia had no mutagenic effect, evidenced by repeated trials. And there are many other researches that provide research results. Stevia contains no toxic substances. Or any carcinogen. Still, the FDA has not suspended any ban on the use of stevia until the World Health Organization or WHO (World Health Organization) has reported a detailed assessment of various research and States that This grass is not harmful in any way until 2009 the past the FDA has announced that Stevia is a safe plant. And recognized as GRAS (Generally Recognized as Safe)
The research of Thailand found that a research team from Chiang Mai University. Can conclude the research results that Stevia extract is safe in all cases, with the maximum safe intake of 7.938 mg / kg. This is very high compared to mixing about 73 drinks per day, which the average person consumes only 1-2 drinks per day.
For the taste of stevia Many people who have just consumed it will know that it is slightly sweet, unlike normal sugar. And smells like grass leaves That was because of the herbal taste that came out of the stevia leaf. But when used to cook food properly Can create a variety of menus Like our heal shop
The properties of stevia
1.Stevia herb Help increase vitality (be healthy)
2. Nourish the blood
3. Regulate blood sugar levels
4. Helps reduce blood fat.
5. Nourish the pancreas
6. Helps to heal wounds both inside and outside.